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2017下半年口译三级试题详解(汉译英)

时间:2017-12-08 作者: 编辑:做免费学习英语资料库_V6abc.com 浏览人次:

Part II English to Chinese

Para 1

Dear friends, on 9 October 2012, the Taliban shot me on the left side of my forehead. They thought that the bullets would silence us, but they failed. Out of the silence came thousands of voices. The terrorists thought they would change my aims. But nothing changed in my life except this. Weakness, fear and hopelessness died. Strength, power and courage are born.  I am the same Malala.

参考译文:
亲爱的朋友,2012年10月9日,塔利班的子弹穿透了我前额的左侧,这些人希望子弹会让我们永远的沉默下去,但是他们没有成功。从沉默当中传来成千上万的声音,恐怖主义者认为,他们能够改变我的目标,但是我的生活当中,什么也没有改变,软弱,恐惧,失去希望,从我的生命中彻底消失,代之以力量和勇气,我仍然是那个马拉拉。

Para 2:

Dear sisters and brothers, I am not against anyone. I am here to speak for the right of education for every child. I want the education for the sons and daughters of all the people. We realize the importance of light when we see darkness. The importance of our voice when we are silenced. And the importance of pens and books when we see the guns.
参考答案:亲爱的兄弟姐妹们,我并不反对任何人,我来这里为了每一个孩子的受教育权而大声疾呼。我希望每个人的子女都能接受教育,只有面对黑暗的时候,会懂得光明的可贵,只有我们的嘴被堵住的时候,才会懂得言论自由的可贵,有人对枪口的时候,才会懂得纸和笔的可贵。

这一段听力难度很小,关键是要处理好一些词语和排比句的搭配,speak, importance, silence等词的小幅度调整都对于文章的通顺程度产生良好的提升作用,也会令考生在表达过程中更有信心。

Para 3

There is a saying that the pen is more powerful than the sword.  It is true. The extremists are afraid of books and pens. The power of education frightens them. That is why they are blasting schools every day. Because they are afraid of the change and equality that we will bring to our society. 

参考译文有一句说:“文字的力量强于刀剑。” 确实如此,这也就是为什么这极端主义者对于书籍和文字恐惧有加。教育的力量令他们恐慌,这也就是他每天都要轰炸学校的原因了。他们害怕我们为社会带来改变,使之变得平等.

the pen is more powerful than the sword.译文中笔被转化成了文字,sword变为了刀剑,一是比较符合汉语的表达习惯,二是用双音词能听得更加清楚。

Para 4

These terrorists are misusing the name of Islam for their own person benefit. But Islam is a religion of peace, humanity and brotherhood. It is every country’s duty and responsibility to get education for each child. And peace is a necessity for education. In many parts of the world, and especially in Pakistan and Afghanistan, terrorism, wars and conflicts stop children from going to school. We are really tired of these wars.

这些恐怖主义者冒用伊斯兰教的名义谋求个人私利。伊斯兰教本应是一种有关和平、人性和友谊的宗教。每个国家有义务也有责任,让每一个孩子接受教育。而和平则是教育的必要条件,世界上很多的国家,特别是巴基斯坦和阿富汗,恐怖主义、战争和冲突令孩子们无法上学读书,我们确实厌倦了这些战争。

在这里,misuse,brotherhood都需要与字典含义稍有出入,为了让译文显得更加通顺。

Today, I am focusing on women’s rights and girls’ education because they are suffering the most. It is important that women become independent and can fight for themselves.  So today, we call upon the world’s leaders to change their policies in favor of peace and prosperity. Women and children’s rights must be protected. Any deals that goes against the women are unacceptable.
参考译文: 我之所以关注女性的权利和女孩的教育问题,因为,她们受到的苦难最多,对女性来说,能够保持独立,为自己的权利而战,这一点至关重要,因此我们今天呼吁世界各国领导,改变他们的政策,为了和平和繁荣而努力,女性儿童的权利必须受到保护,任何旨在反对女性的交易都是不可接受的。

Suffer一词由动词转为名词,显得比较灵活。

Para 6

We call upon all governments to ensure free and compulsory education for every child. We call upon every government to fight against terrorism and violence and protect children from brutality and harm. We call upon all communities to be tolerant, reject prejudice based on race, color and religion and ensure freedom and equality for women. We call upon our sisters around the world to be brave, display the strength within themselves and realize their full potential.

参考译文:我们号召所有的政府,保证每个孩子都能得到免费的义务教育,我们号召每一个政府,与恐怖主义和暴力做斗争,保护孩子不受到残暴的伤害。我们号召社会变得更加宽容,反对因肤色,种族和宗教导致的歧视,保证女性获得自由和平等权力,我们呼吁全世界的姐妹们更加勇敢,表现出来自内心的力量,开发出自己所有的潜力。

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